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GVA’s central London office analysis for Q2 2015

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A recent report conducted by leading property consultants, GVA, reveals that there has been a substantial change in the rental profiles across central London, with a general fall in availability and increased strength in rental growth.  

The analysis on the central London office market showed that high rents are continuing to be achieved, with an increasing number of deals occurring at £150 per sq. ft. in core West End markets. Regardless of minimal movement on ‘normal’ prime rents, the City saw rents in excess of £90 per sq. ft. on tower floors at The Leadenhall building.

Rental growth continues to be strong in markets previously considered fringe like Chelsea, which has seen an increase of over 30% in prime rents during the last year. Shoreditch and Clerkenwell have had similar levels of rental growth, with prime rates at £60 per sq. ft.

Pre-let space during the active years of 2013 and 2014 accounted for a third of the 23 million sq. ft. transacted. However, the first half of 2015 saw levels similar to 2012, with just 830,000 sq. ft. let on a pre-let basis, meaning that it represented only 17% of total takeup. Despite this, there is the expectancy that many large occupiers will need to pre-let as availability continues to sharply decline.

Q2 2015 take-up in central London was in line with Q4 2014 at 2.9 million sq. ft., up 43% from Q1 and up on the five-year quarterly average by 18%. Activity during this quarter was mainly in the West End fringe and the City core, however Canary Wharf’s take-up increased 152% on its five-year quarterly average. Majority of the take-up consisted of second-hand Grade A space at 45% of activity, while second-hand Grade B space accounted for 16%.

There was a fall in availability across the central London market from 10.2 million sq. ft. to 9.3 million sq. ft., with the vacancy rate down by 7% on the corresponding period last year. Availability significantly decreased in the West End occupier market from 3.1 million sq. ft. to 2.8 million sq. ft. and vacancy at 3.5% - its lowest since Q2 2007. Meanwhile, availability in the city was at its lowest since Q2 2008, its vacancy rate at 5.8% while Docklands’ availability saw a decrease from 7.5% to 5.8% during the quarter.

In total, 1.5 million sq. ft. of development was completed in central London during Q2 2015 in the form of 8 buildings, while 11.9 million sq. ft. is currently under construction. 15% of current construction is due for completion at the end of 2015 and 37% before the end of 2016. During Q2 2015, 597,200 sq. ft. was completed across the West End, with 129,000 sq. ft. undergoing construction during the quarter. The City had 8.0 million sq. ft. under construction at the end of the quarter, and 700,000 sq. ft. due for completion in 2015 of which 67% is now let. There are currently no office developments under construction in the Docklands area, although enabling works continue at 1 Bank Street (E14).

Prime rents in central London grew by 1.4% during Q2 2015, with the City growing by 0.6% and the West End by 1.9% (up 6.1% on the same period last year). The Docklands, however, remained stable at £38 per sq. ft.


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GVA’s award winning Research team provides high quality research and analysis to the business and its clients. Our market commentaries, thought leadership pieces and consultancy advice drive industry debate, distinguish GVA from its competitors, and add value for our clients.

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